Situated between the Kara Kum desert and the Kopet Dag mountain range, the Ashgabat fountains, golden domes and imposing modern buildings seem strangely incongruous in this desert setting. Ashgabat is the capital of Turkmenistan that was founded in 1881. It is often called "the city of white marble" and even appears in the Guinness Book of Records. There are more than 500 newly built and white marble clad buildings cover a total area of ~ 4.5 million square meters.
In fact, many places in Ashgabat are included in Guinness Records - the city is home to the largest fountain complex called "Oguzkhan and Sons" with the total area of the 15-hectare fountain. One of the most important sites of the city is the shopping center "Alem". A unique futuristic building is crowned with a wheel, which is the largest closed wheel in the world. A unique building with a similar style is the Palace of Happiness, which is also worth a visit.
One of the main attractions of Ashgabat is the Independence Monument, it is a 118-meter high column arranged on a semicircular sphere, symbolizing a yurt, surmounted by a crescent moon and five stars .
There are also many golden statues of Saparmurat Niyazov (the former president for life of Turkmenistan) placed in the city. The Monument of Neutrality, the tallest structure in Turkmenistan with a gold statue of Turkmenbashi at the top, is worth seeing, as is the monument to the 10 desert horses, the national symbol marking the 10th anniversary of independence of the country.
There are many museums in the capital. The new national museum presents the most valuable archaeological discoveries related to the country's ancient history, including more than 2,500 exhibits of traditional craftsmanship and folk art from the 17th-19th centuries. The carpet museum in the capital is a unique museum, there are hundreds of best carpets, some of them made in the 17th century. The main exhibition here is the largest carpet in the world measuring approximately 400 square meters and weighing more than one ton.
|4Ashgabat. The treasure box of Turkmenistan|